Maklites and Alan’s Comparison of Paul Ryan’s and Obama’s Plans

Posted: June 8, 2011 in Papers/ Analysis

Comparison of Paul Ryan and Obama

  Barack Obama’s Budget Paul Ryan’s Budget
Education “Continues support for a $5,550 maximum Pell Grant award, $819 above the level in 2008, while putting the program on a sustainable fiscal path by eliminating the year-round Pell Grant and the in-school interest subsidy for graduate and professional student loans.” “Return Pell grants to their pre-stimulus levels to curb rising tuition inflation and make sure aid is targeted to the truly needy.”


Defense -“ Reinvests $100 billion of expected savings in high-priority areas such as the development or purchase of unmanned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance assets; more ships; a new ground combat vehicle; the Advanced Extremely High Frequency satellite; and the stealthy F-35 Joint Strike Fighter.”

-“ Provides $553 billion for the base budget, an increase of $22 billion above the 2010 appropriation. This reflects continued investment in national security priorities such as cybersecurity, satellites, and nuclear security. The Budget also includes a series of management and acquisition reforms that will produce a net of $78 billion in savings through 2016.”

– “DOD- reducing its funding by $78 billion over the next 5 years.  To make this happen there needs to be the elimination of the Marine Corps Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle; reducing four Air Force air operations centers into two and reducing the number of Generals and Admirals by more than 100.”

-“ Provide $692.5 billion for national defense spending in Fiscal Year 2012, an amount that is

consistent withAmerica’s military goals and strategies.”

-“Reduce inefficient spending by $178 billion, following guidance from Defense Secretary Robert

Gates. Reinvest $100 billion of these savings into key combat capabilities, and put the rest

toward deficit reduction.”

Taxes -“ Allow the 2001 and 2003 high income and estate tax cuts to expire.”

-“ On December 17, 2010 the President signed into law the bipartisan Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act which will: prevent a Middle-Class Tax Increase, cut payroll taxes for 150 million workers, provide critical tax credits for families, extend unemployment benefits, spur business investment with 100 percent expensing, extend the research and experimentation tax credit, and continue renewable energy grants.

-“ Reject the President’s call to raise taxes. Instead, keep overall revenue as a share of the

economy at historical averages between 18 and 19 percent, a level compatible with growth, and

– if the spending restraints in this budget are enacted – sufficient to fund government

operations over time.”

Creation of Jobs – “Every $1 billion that we increase in exports supports more than 5,000 jobs.”

–  “In conjunction with the Chinese President’s state visit to Washington in January, President Obama announced deals worth over $45 billion in increased U.S. exports that will support an estimated 235,000 American jobs.”

-“2-year freeze on Federal civilian worker salaries

-Lower taxes to help private business owners, who create jobs for Americans

-“Boost private-sector employment by slowing the explosive growth of the public sector,

achieving a 10 percent reduction over the next three years in the federal workforce through

attrition, coupled with a pay freeze for the next five years and reforms to government workers’

generous benefit packages.”

Agriculture – Provides $35million for the Healthy Food Financing Initiative to bring grocery stores and other healthy food retailers to undeserved communities.

– “Maximizes efficiency and effectiveness of forest restoration efforts to improve forest health and resiliency by combining and streamlining multiple programs.”

– “Invests $6.5 billion in renewable and clean energy to spur the creation of high-value jobs, make America more energy independent, and drive global competitiveness in the sector.”

– “The President’s Budget provides $23.9 billion to support this important mission, a decrease of $3.2 billion.”

– “The Budget includes a decrease in agricultural spending of $2.5 billion over 10 years.”

-“Americacannot be globally competitive if too many of its people are hungry or ill because of lack of access to healthy foods.”

– “The President’s Budget provides $7.9 billion for discretionary nutrition program support.”


-“Reflect the economic reality of record-high farm income by restructuring farm programs,

saving taxpayers money and increasing farmer independence.”

-“First, reduce the fixed payments that

go to farmers irrespective of price levels, to reflect that soaring commodity prices are reducing the need for high

levels of farm-income support. Second, reform the open-ended nature of the government’s support for crop

insurance, so that agricultural producers assume the same kind of responsibility for managing risk that other

businesses do.”

Medicare/Medicaid -“Implementing cost-saving components of the ACA that target spending to maximize efficiency and quality per dollar spent, es­pecially in Medicare and Medicaid.”

-“Continues a commitment to strengthen program integrity in Medicare, Medicaid, and the Children’s Health Insurance Program, and provides new resources to reach the Administration’s goal of reducing the Medicare fee-for-service error rate in half by 2012.”

-“Addition­ally, it provides $581 million in discretionary pro­gram integrity funding to implement activities to reduce the payment error rate and enhance civil and criminal enforcement for Medicare, Medicaid, and CHIP”

-“Save Medicare for current and future generations while making no changes for those in and near retirement. For younger workers, when they reach eligibility, Medicare will provide a Medicare payment and a list of guaranteed coverage options from which recipients can choose a plan that best suits their needs. These future Medicare beneficiaries will be able to choose a plan the same way members of Congress do. Medicare will provide additional assistance for lower-income beneficiaries and those with greater health risk”

-“Ensure the cost of frivolous litigation is not passed on to consumers in the form of higher health-care premiums by capping non-economic damages in medical liability lawsuits”

-“Stop the raid on the Medicare trust fund that was going to be used to pay for the new health care law. Any current-law Medicare savings must go to Medicare, not financing the creation of new open-ended health-care entitlements”

-“Fix the Medicare physician payment formula for the next ten years so that Medicare beneficiaries continue to have access to health care”

-“Force policymakers to come to the table and enact common-sense reforms to keep the program solvent for current beneficiaries and make it stronger for future generations. Social Security must be reformed to prevent severe cuts in future benefits”

-“Set in motion the process of reforming Social Security by establishing a requirement that in the event that the Social Security program is not sustainable, the President, n conjunction with the Board of Trustees, must submit a plan for restoring balance to the fund. The budget then requires congressional leaders in both the U.S. House of Representatives and U.S. Senate to put forward their best ideas as well.”

-“Move the conservation to solutions that save Social Security, thus providing the space to forge a bipartisan path forward and ensure that Social Security remains a key part of retirement security for the future”

-“Save $750 billion over ten years, contributing to the long-term stabilization of the federal

government’s fiscal path and encouraging fiscal responsibility at the state level.”



Maklite’s thoughts on Obama’s proposal



I agree with what Obama has proposed because he is making obtaining a bachelor’s degree more realistic and affordable for every student.



I think that he is cutting funding to areas that are not necessarily dire if we did not have them.



I liked the fact that he signed an act that will prevent the middle classes taxes to increase.


Creation of jobs:

I like the fact that Obama is trying to create jobs in many ways, for example exporting.  It is not only beneficial for the creation of jobs, but to the economy of our nation.



Obama is taking steps to try and feed undeserved communities healthy and organic food.  Investment in clean and renewable energy benefits us to live a healthier life, but also creates more jobs.



I think that many measures should be taken to prevent people faking an application for Medicaid, and losing money on people who don’t actually need it.





Alan’s thoughts on Paul Ryan’s Budget

Education: I do not agree on Paul Ryan’s Budget along the lines of education because he is returning budget on education back to what it was in 2008 while Obama is making the budget on education higher than what it was in 2008. I think education is really important for people in America because we are behind other countries’ educational system


Defense: I do, however, agree with Paul Ryan’s Budget on defense, because he supports the increase in defense spending, which is need to keep America safe, and is needed in the two wars being fought.


Creation of jobs: I think the creation of jobs is needed, but making public jobs equal to private jobs is not the way because this will sooner or later cause more private business owners more powerful than public officials, since the businesses will have more workers.


Agriculture: I disagree with Paul Ryan’s budget along the lines of agriculture because without the government’s help, farmers will produce less and America will have to rely more on imports.


Medicare/Medicaid: Unfortunately I also disagree with Paul Ryan’s Medicare/Medicaid solution. This is because I support a change to the Medicare system now, so that we do not need to spend a huge chunk of the budget on something we could spend less on. This is also because the Baby Boom Generation is going to make the situation worse as more people go into retirement. Medicaid I think should be improved to accommodate the changes to Medicare.




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